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I'm looking for sample engineering drawings of menstrual hygiene facilities for schools.


I couldn't find any references to this in the FAQs or the knowledgepoint Q

John Collett, Senior Advisor Hygiene Promotion& Behaviour Change, World Vision Global Health & WASH Team, based in Nairobi

2 Answers

Rémi Kaupp

Hi John,

WaterAid Pakistan produced this guidance with design.

The attached factsheet from WEDC has got the basics, including toilet designs WEDC - Menstrual hygiene management in schools 2012.pdf

For an incinerator, Practical Action is looking into a low-cost one:

I don't have to hand other examples of small incinerators, although as far as I know, designs can be used from health centres (small incinerators to dispose of medical waste - see the factsheet at with several examples)

Plan International (Ghana) had a pilot project in 2006 to develop a a model ‘girl-friendly latrine’: ; In the same period IRC and UNICEF published a booklet called "Child-friendly hygiene and sanitation facilities in schools": . Both documents include design guidelines rather than detailed technical designs.

All the best



Many thanks Remi ....

John Collett
Senior Advisor, Hygiene Promotion & Behaviour Change | Sustainable Health Team | World Vision International
Phone: +254.732.126000 | +254.711.086000 Ext. 465 | Mobile: +254.731.072440 |
East Africa Regional Office, Karen Road, off Ngong Road | P.O. Box 30473- 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Email: | Skype: johncollett2 | Website:

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Date:        11/29/2016 01:34 PM
Subject:        "I'm looking for ...


John Colett gravatar imageJohn Colett ( 2016-11-29 22:38:10 )

Simple answer

Don't use a standard design. Talk to students and co design this with them. This was done successfully in Sierra Leone by ACF. They are the users so they can contribute to the design. Doing "mock ups" with lines on the ground so they can visualise the space can help the debate. Some issues that have arisen that should be considered are lighting (how about windows in the roof rather than walls for light and privacy?), mirrors, piped water supply or at least a private water supply, covered drains, privacy within a shared toilet as well as from outside. Are reusable or disposal pads being used? is bathing and or laundry planned?

And - please write up your successes and failures - not enough case studies to leaden from - yet!


Oh yes! Thanks Brian for that. Just seeing how two people never use the same squat position is enough to make you think twice about standard designs...

Rémi Kaupp gravatar imageRémi Kaupp ( 2016-12-01 14:06:58 )

Many thanks Brian. I agree, consulting the students during the school toilet design process should be a 'must do' step - but unfortunately it rarely seems to be done. Visualising the facilities before anything gets built could include modeling by the students using whatever materials they have to hand - do you know if this has been tried anywhere? Also do you know of any studies that have been done to determine the peeing and pooping demand at schools? So far I've only found one such study commissioned by UNICEF Kenya on urinals. I've never come across any supporting evidence for the often quoted ratios of max # of girls and max # of boys per toilet cubicle. It seems to me we this is a serious gap. Also given the increasing attention to making school toilets disabled friendly, for economy of design would combining disabled friendly features and MHM friendly features ...(more)

John Colett gravatar imageJohn Colett ( 2016-12-05 10:07:46 )

FYI here's the guidance note: Design considerations for menstrual hygiene management at schools: One of the girls’ toilet cubicles should have the following additional MHM features: (Note this does not mean the cubicle is exclusively for menstruating girls – it can be used by any girl) Essential minimum a) Comfortable, private and secure arrangements for toileting and changing sanitary napkins – including washing private parts; b) Light enough to see what you are doing;
c) Arrangements for washing reusable napkins; and/or d) Arrangements for disposing disposable napkins. The above arrangements can be organized in a variety of ways – the chosen solutions should be determined in consultation with the users taking into account their ideas and preferences and the specifics of the school – e.g. is piped-water available? Careful consideration should be given to operation, cleaning and repair. Note: The above assumes girls have their own supply of new napkins. Note ...

John Colett gravatar imageJohn Colett ( 2016-12-05 10:16:02 )
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2016-11-24 08:32:25
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Nov 30 '16