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A summary of new developments and technologies includes: • Urine diversion in emergencies (makes it easier to treat faeces). This was used in Haiti, and Dolo Ado, Ethiopia. They’ve also been quite successful as they smell less. Also managed to use double vault as first phase emergency camps and UNHCR have now bought into the fact that they can work. • “Tiger Toilets” use the tiger worm and eudrilus engeniae worm to treat the sewage, with trials in Myanmar, Liberia and India. However the worms are quite sensitive (require the right bedding material), so not yet at implementation. • The Biofil model used in Ghana, which uses bedding layers, and worms to live around the bedding. Oxfam have improved it - now called Modified Biofil. • Improved Emergency latrine slabs which enable urine diversion. Nag Magic supply most agencies; also do children’s potties. • Bio additives seem to be making a resurgence even though before it was proved that they didn’t work. There seems to be a future in it. Lots of research into bio fuel cells, with one development area biofuel (where you could use all the waste from toilets to get power).

I would second Remi's suggestion to look at the SanCop website where there is more information about the different projects.

Harriette

A summary of new developments and technologies includes: includes:

• Urine diversion in emergencies (makes it easier to treat faeces). This was used in Haiti, and Dolo Ado, Ethiopia. They’ve also been quite successful as they smell less. Also managed to use double vault as first phase emergency camps and UNHCR have now bought into the fact that they can work. work.

• “Tiger Toilets” use the tiger worm and eudrilus engeniae worm to treat the sewage, with trials in Myanmar, Liberia and India. However the worms are quite sensitive (require the right bedding material), so not yet at implementation. implementation.

• The Biofil model used in Ghana, which uses bedding layers, and worms to live around the bedding. Oxfam have improved it - now called Modified Biofil. Biofil.

• Improved Emergency latrine slabs which enable urine diversion. Nag Magic supply most agencies; also do children’s potties. potties.

• Bio additives seem to be making a resurgence even though before it was proved that they didn’t work. There seems to be a future in it. Lots of research into bio fuel cells, with one development area biofuel (where you could use all the waste from toilets to get power).

I would second Remi's suggestion to look at the SanCop website where there is more information about the different projects.

Harriette